The demand for natural gas as a clean and effective source of energy continues to rise. Using new oil drilling technology, the exploration and production community has discovered massive amounts of Natural Gas which can be processed and pushed into the pipeline grid. For demand without access to a natural gas pipeline, LNG is a viable energy option. For almost a century, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) has been a part of the energy portfolio for the United States.
LNG is natural gas that is orderless, non-toxic, non-corrosive and less dense than water. This type of natural gas is cooled to negative 260 degrees Fahrenheit in a process called liquefaction. Liquefying natural gas condenses it 600 times, which is equivalent to condensing a beach ball to the size of a ping pong ball. Condensing makes LNG much easier to transport to areas that natural gas pipelines cannot reach. Once transported, the LNG is stored and then converted back to a gas through a process called regasification.
Once LNG is returned to its gaseous state, it can be used just as if it were pipeline gas: in residential, commercial, and even transportation applications. In fact, it can be pushed back into the pipeline grid like its original function 50 years ago. Basically, LNG is the same as the natural gas used to heat and cool homes, but because it is in a liquid state, it can be easily transported. LNG is odorless, non-toxic, non-corrosive and less dense than water.